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Mediterranean Wetlands Observatory

The Mediterranean Wetlands Observatory [1], functioning under the umbrella of Tour du Valat and the Mediterranean Wetlands Initiative MedWet [2], published in October 2018 the new report Mediterranean Wetlands Outlook 2: Solutions for sustainable Mediterranean wetlands (MWO-2).

The MWO-2 updates the situation for Mediterranean wetlands since 2012, the year of publication of the MWO-1 [3], which was the first regional indicator-based assessment of the status of wetlands and the challenges that they face.

This MWO-2, through its 16 indicator factsheets, provides regional support to the findings of the Ramsar Convention’s first Global Wetland Outlook (GWO): the State of the World’s Wetlands [4], to be issued at the 13th Meeting of Conference of the Contracting Parties to the Convention (COP13, Dubai, 21-29 October 2018).

The MWO-2 is based on the analysis of 16 indicators related to wetland biodiversity, the ecosystem services they provide, the threats they are facing, and the actions taken by society to conserve and to sustainably manage them.

The report presents the socio-economic situation and trends in Mediterranean countries and the benefits and values of Mediterranean wetlands, and includes key messages for decision-makers.

The MWO-2 underlines the consequences for a rapidly increasing human population and its well-being of the loss of wetland benefits. At the same time, it presents the positive responses offered by wetlands to benefit future generations of people and for biodiversity.

The evidence presented in the MWO-2 demonstrates that wetlands across the Mediterranean region continue to be threatened and destroyed by unsustainable human activities.

Among the main conclusions, at the global level:

More precisely, the following conclusions can also be drawn regarding some groups of indicators:


Climate change


The ongoing loss and degradation of wetlands impacts directly on human well-being and deprives future generations of the multiple benefits that they provide.

Nevertheless solutions do exist, thanks to a community of actors united for the cause of Mediterranean wetlands.

They consist in making them attractive as nature-based solutions, whose long-term benefits can be very important for social, cultural and economical welfare of the Mediterranean populations, as “climate buffers”, or regarding food production.

You can download the report (full version or factsheets and appendices only) below.

[5] [6]

Contact: Thomas Galewski [7], Head of Mediterrannean Wetlands Observatory Department