Thème : Sciences et Société
Projet : Conservation Evidence
Contact : e-mail | secrétariat +33 (0)4 90 97 63 71
Date d’arrivée : février 2017
Voir ci-dessous les dernières publications de Nigel Taylor, ou la liste intégrale sur le portail documentaire de la Tour du Valat :
de Phillip J. Haubrock, Anna J. Turbelin, Ross N. Cuthbert, Ana Novoa, Nigel G. Taylor, Elena Angulo, Liliana Ballesteros-Mejia, Thomas W. Bodey, César Capinha, Christophe Diagne, et al.
In NeoBiota, 67 (July, 2021), 153-190
En ligne : hal.archives-ouvertes.fr[…]
Biological invasions continue to threaten the stability of ecosystems and societies that are dependent on their services. Whilst the ecological impacts of invasive alien species (IAS) have been widely reported in recent decades, there remains a paucity of information concerning their economic impacts. Europe has strong trade and transport links with the rest of the world, facilitating hundreds of IAS incursions, and largely centralised decision-making frameworks. The present study is the first comprehensive and detailed effort that quantifies the costs of IAS collectively across European countries and examines temporal trends in these data. In addition, the distributions of costs across countries, socioeconomic sectors and taxonomic groups are examined, as are socio-economic correlates of management and damage costs. Total costs of IAS in Europe summed to US140.20billion(oreuro116.61billion)between1960and2020,withthemajority(60140.20billion(oreuro116.61billion)between1960and2020,withthemajority(60140.20 billion (or euro116.61 billion) between 1960 and 2020, with the majority (60%) being damage-related and impacting multiple sectors. Costs were also geographically widespread but dominated by impacts in large western and central European countries, i.e. the UK, Spain, France, and Germany. Human population size, land area, GDP, and tourism were significant predictors of invasion costs, with management costs additionally predicted by numbers of introduced species, research effort and trade. Temporally, invasion costs have increased exponentially through time, with up to US23.58 billion (euro19.64 billion) in 2013, and US$139.56 billion (euro116.24 billion) in impacts extrapolated in 2020. Importantly, although these costs are substantial, there remain knowledge gaps on several geographic and taxonomic scales, indicating that these costs are severely underestimated. We, thus, urge increased and improved cost reporting for economic impacts of IAS and coordinated international action to prevent further spread and mitigate impacts of IAS populations.de Phillip J. Haubrock, Anna J. Turbelin, Ross N. Cuthbert, Ana Novoa, Nigel G. Taylor, Elena Angulo, Liliana Ballesteros-Mejia, Thomas W. Bodey, César Capinha, Christophe Diagne, et al. In NeoBiota, 67 (July, 2021), 153-190 En ligne : hal.archives-ouvertes.fr[...] Biological invasions continue to threaten the ... read more
de Melina Kourantidou, Ross N. Cuthbert, Phillip J. Haubrock, Ana Novoa, Nigel G. Taylor, Boris Leroy, César Capinha, D Renault, Elena Angulo, Christophe Diagne, et al.
In NeoBiota, 67 (July, 2021), 427-458
En ligne : hal.archives-ouvertes.fr[…]
Invasive alien species (IAS) negatively impact the environment and undermine human well-being, often resulting in considerable economic costs. The Mediterranean basin is a culturally, socially and economically diverse region, harbouring many IAS that threaten economic and societal integrity in multiple ways. This paper is the first attempt to collectively quantify the reported economic costs of IAS in the Mediterranean basin, across a range of taxonomic, temporal and spatial descriptors. We identify correlates of costs from invasion damages and management expenditures among key socioeconomic variables, and determine network structures that link countries and invasive taxonomic groups. The total reported invasion costs in the Mediterranean basin amounted to $27.3 billion, or $3.6 billion when only realised costs were considered, and were found to have occurred over the last three decades. Our understanding of costs of invasions in the Mediterranean was largely limited to a few, primarily western European countries and to terrestrial ecosystems, despite the known presence of numerous high-impact aquatic invasive taxa. The vast majority of costs were attributed to damages or losses from invasions ($25.2 billion) and were mostly driven by France, Spain and to a lesser extent Italy and Libya, with significantly fewer costs attributed to management expenditure ($1.7 billion). Overall, invasion costs increased through time, with average annual costs between 1990 and 2017 estimated at $975.5 million. The lack of information from a large proportion of Mediterranean countries, reflected in the spatial and taxonomic connectivity analysis and the relationship of costs with socioeconomic variables, highlights the limits of the available data and the research effort needed to improve a collective understanding of the different facets of the costs of biological invasions. Our analysis of the reported costs associated with invasions in the Mediterranean sheds light on key knowledge gaps and provides a baseline for a Mediterranean-centric approach towards building policies and designing coordinated responses. In turn, these could help reach socially desirable outcomes and efficient use of resources invested in invasive species research and management.de Melina Kourantidou, Ross N. Cuthbert, Phillip J. Haubrock, Ana Novoa, Nigel G. Taylor, Boris Leroy, César Capinha, D Renault, Elena Angulo, Christophe Diagne, et al. In NeoBiota, 67 (July, 2021), 427-458 En ligne : hal.archives-ouvertes.fr[...] Invasive alien species (IAS) negatively impact the environment ... read more
de Nadège Popoff, Elie Gaget, Arnaud Béchet, Laura Dami, Pierre Defos Du Rau, Ilse Geijzendorffer, Anis Guelmami, Jean-Yves Mondain-Monval, Christian Perennou, Marie Suet, et al.
In Biodiversity and conservation, Online (July, 2021), 19
En ligne : link.springer.com[…]
The Mediterranean Basin is a biodiversity hotspot. Wetlands make a key contribution to this status, but many of them remain outside the Ramsar network fifty years after the establishment of the Ramsar Convention. Here we evaluate the extent to which the Mediterranean Ramsar network covers wetlands of international importance for wintering waterbirds using the Ramsar Convention criteria 2 (species of conservation concern), 5 (> 20,000 waterbirds) and 6 (1% of a population). These criteria were applied to 4186 sites in 24 Mediterranean countries using counts of 145 wintering waterbird species from 1991 to 2017. We identified 161 sites of international importance for waterbirds that have not yet been declared as Ramsar sites, which could be added to the 180 current Mediterranean Ramsar sites established based on waterbird criteria (criteria 5 and/or 6). Among these sites, a subset of 32 very important sites reached double the required level for at least one criterion and 95 were not protected by any site conservation status. Coastal wetlands represented half of the Ramsar gap for waterbirds. We identified that an additional 1218 monitored sites could be provisionally considered as internationally important and thus require more survey efforts to assess their status. This study highlights a lack of participation of the Mediterranean countries to build the Ramsar network for wetland protection. Our results should help policymakers and managers to prioritize future Ramsar site designation, notably in the Middle East and Western European region where important gaps were identified.de Nadège Popoff, Elie Gaget, Arnaud Béchet, Laura Dami, Pierre Defos Du Rau, Ilse Geijzendorffer, Anis Guelmami, Jean-Yves Mondain-Monval, Christian Perennou, Marie Suet, et al. In Biodiversity and conservation, Online (July, 2021), 19 En ligne : link.springer.com[...] The Mediterranean Basin is a biodiversity hotspot. Wetlands make a key ... read more
- Global economic costs of aquatic invasive alien speciesde Ross N. Cuthbert, Zarah Pattison, Nigel G. Taylor, Laura Verbrugge, Christophe Diagne, Danish A. Ahmed, Boris Leroy, Elena Angulo, Elizabeta Briski, César Capinha, et al. In Science of The Total Environment, 775 (2021), 10 Much research effort has been invested in understanding ecological impacts of invasive alien ... read more
- The future for Mediterranean wetlands: 50 key issues and 50 important conservation research questionsde Nigel G. Taylor, Patrick Grillas, Hazem Al Hreisha, Özge Balkız, Maud Borie, Olivier Boutron, Ana Catita, Jocelyn Champagnon, Semia Cherif, Kerim Cicek, et al. In Regional Environmental Change, Online (2021), 25 Wetlands are critically important for biodiversity and human wellbeing, but face a range of challenges. This ... read more
- Building a tool to overcome barriers in research-implementation spaces: The Conservation Evidence databasede William J. Sutherland, Nigel G. Taylor, Douglas MacFarlane, Tatsuya Amano, Alec P. Christie, Lynn V. Dicks, Anaëlle J. Lemasson, Nick A. Littlewood, Philip A. Martin, Nancy Ockendon, et al. In Biological Conservation, 238 (October, 2019), 108199 En ligne : linkinghub.elsevier.com[...] Conservation practitioners, policy-makers and researchers work within ... read more
- A synthesis of evidence for the effects of interventions to conserve peatland vegetation: overview and critical discussionde N.G. Taylor, Patrick Grillas, M.S. Fennessy, E. Goodyer, L.L.B. Graham, E. Karofeld, R.A. Lindsay, D.A. Locky, N. Ockendon, A. Rial, et al. In Mires and Peat, 24 (June, 2019), 1-21 En ligne : www.repository.cam.ac.uk[...] Peatlands are valuable but threatened ecosystems. Intervention to tackle direct threats is often ... read more